God. Son. Holy Ghost. Prophet. Average man. Even charlatan.
These are all claims to the nature of Jesus son of Mary.
The Muslim narrative is clear and firm on the matter. God in the Quran makes direct and explicit responses to the most common questions.
1. Is Jesus God?
They have certainly disbelieved who say, “God is the Messiah, the son of Mary” while the Messiah has said, “O Children of Israel, worship God, my Lord and your Lord.”
2. Did Jesus Claim to Be God?
And [beware the Day] when God will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, ‘Take me and my mother as deities besides God?'”
He will say, “Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right.
If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself.
Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen.”
3. Is Jesus the Son of God?
They have said, “God has taken a son.”
Exalted is He; He is the [one] Free of need.
To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. You have no authority for this [claim]. Do you say about God that which you do not know?
4. Is Jesus Part of a Trinity?
O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about God except the truth.
The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of God and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him.
So believe in God and His messengers.
And do not say, “Three”; desist – it is better for you.
Indeed, God is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son.
To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is God as Disposer of affairs.
5. Was Jesus a Charlatan or a Sorcerer?
[The Day] when God will say,
“O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity;
and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel;
and when you designed from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission;
and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission;
and when you brought forth the dead with My permission;
and when I restrained the Children of Israel from [killing] you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, “This is not but obvious magic.”
6. What Does Jesus Say About Himself?
[Jesus] said, “Indeed, I am the servant of God. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet.
And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and almsgiving as long as I remain alive. And [made me] dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me a wretched tyrant. And peace is on me the day I was born and the day I will die and the day I am raised alive.”
That is Jesus, the son of Mary – the word of truth about which they are in dispute.
7. How Do You Explain His Birth?
Indeed, the example of Jesus to God is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, “Be,” and he was.
She [Mary] said, “My Lord, how will I have a child when no man has touched me?”
[The angel] said, “Such is God; He creates what He wills. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it, ‘Be’ and it is.”
8. How Do You Explain His Abilities?
And [make him] a messenger to the Children of Israel, [who will say],
“Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that I design for you from clay [that which is] like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird by permission of God.
And I cure the blind and the leper, and I give life to the dead – by permission of God.
And I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses.
Indeed in that is a sign for you, if you are believers.”
9. How Do You Explain the Crucifixion?
And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah .” And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them.
And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain.
10. What Was the Message of Jesus?
[Jesus said], “And [I have come] confirming what was before me of the Torah and to make lawful for you some of what was forbidden to you. And I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so be conscious of God and obey me.
Indeed, God is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. That is the straight path.”
11. What Do We Say of His Followers?
But when Jesus felt [persistence in] disbelief from them, he said, “Who are my supporters for [the cause of] God?”
The disciples said,”We are supporters for God. We have believed in God and testify that we are Muslims (ones who submit to God).”
12. What Happened to the Religion of Jesus?
Then We sent following their footsteps Our messengers and followed [them] with Jesus, the son of Mary, and gave him the Gospel.
And We placed in the hearts of those who followed him compassion and mercy and monasticism, which they [then] innovated; We did not prescribe it for them except [that they did so] seeking the approval of God.
But they did not observe it with due observance. So We gave the ones who believed among them their reward, but many of them are defiantly disobedient.
13. Did Jesus Speak of Muhammad?
And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of God to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad.”
But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, “This is obvious magic.”
Note: “Ahmad” is one of the names of Messenger Muhammad (a variation of the same meaning).